Disclaimer

The content of this site has been prepared by the members of the thematic network "S2S - A Gateway for Plant and Process safety". Since the conditions of use are beyond our control we disclaim any liability, including patent infringement, incurred in connection with the use of these products, data or suggestions.

The thematic network S2S is a European Community Project carried out in the "Competitive and Sustainable Growth" programme and funded in part by contract number G1RT-CT-2002-05092.
 

Search S2S Web Portal

 

in   

Logic operation in search term:  Conjunction (AND)    /    Disjunction (OR)
Search in:   
Training Full text
Resources / Downloads
Research projects Full text, Country: , Keywords:
Legislation & Standardisation Country: , Keywords:
Web Links Keywords:
Glossary Full text
 

Training

3 entries found!

ATEX Directives - 11. Suggested format: Explosion Protection Document

ATEX Directives - 7. Additonal requirements, explosion protection document and Zone definitions

Thermal Explosion Theory


71 entries found!

01 - Accident caused by an inexact P&I connected also to a fatality

02 - Fire on a hot oil furnace

03 - Fire in a chemical additive container

04 - Accident involving contractors' injury during the operation of opening of a vessel for standard maintenance

A primary consistency test for saturated liquid and vapour property data for use in the integral multiphysics modelling of chemical reactor venting

Airborne concentrations of interest - ERPG/EEPG

Application of Safety Measures

ATEX Directives - 1. Introduction

ATEX Directives - 10. Standards

ATEX Directives - 2. Requirements for manufactureres and users

ATEX Directives - 4. Contents of ATEX 94/9/EC

ATEX Directives - 5. Equipment (ATEX 94/9/EC)

ATEX Directives - 6. Contents of ATEX 99/92/EC

ATEX Directives - 9. Risk Assessment and Hazard Identification- II

ATEX Directives - Overview

Batch Reactor (BR)

Case study 1: Crystallization Kettle - Solutions

Case study 2: Charge Hopper of a Paddle Drier - Incident description

Case study 3: Agitated Kettle with Bottom Valve - Solutions

Desk screening - Public Literature

Desktop methods - CHETAH

Determining in which level your company is affected

Diagram cases

Hazardous substances and processes

Hazards to assess

How to apply the ?Addition rule?

Introduction to FEI

LOPA - Layer of Protection analysis (first draft)

LOPA Model

Overview

Oxygen Balance

Plug Flow Tube Reactor (PFTR)

Reproductive accuracy of safety valve two-phase mass flow capacity models in case of air/water, resp., viscous liquid flow duty

Safety data

Safety measures

Scenario selection

Screening Methods

Screening Tests: scanning rate

Screening Tests: type of crucibles

Semi-Batch Reactor (SBR)

STEP 2: Determine the Risk Tolerance Criteria

STEP 4: Initiating Event Frequency

STEP 5: Conditions, Conditional Modifiers

STEP 7: Independent Protection Layers

STEP 8: Frequency of Mitigated Consequence

Stoessel Diagram

Tests

Tests - Burning Rate

Tests - Drop Hammer Test

Tests - Steel Cartridge Test


Resources / Downloads

9 entries found!

ABS consulting

Akzo Nobel Safety Services

Chemsafe Datenbank

ESCIS: Expert Commission for Safety in the Swiss Chemical Industry

Fike Corporation

Gexcon

INBUREX Consulting

Introduction to Dust Cloud Explosions

Low pressure and vacuum hazards


Research projects

14 entries found!

Propri?t?s des produits
L'accident survenu ? Toulouse le 21 septembre 2001 a rappel? de mani?re dramatique la n?cessit? de l'am?lioration des connaissances sur les produits chimiques, souvent encore trop fragmentaires. Comme le souligne le rapport de la Commission d'enqu

CHAF
Serious explosion accidents have occurred in EU countries that have involved the bulk storage of display fireworks. Currently, there is no means of estimating the hazards posed by such storage and the UN transport classification scheme is all that ca

COMBUSTION AND ENERGY
The Centre for Combustion and Energy is an interdisciplinary group who's aims are to promote a greater understanding of Combustion Science through coordinated research and a Masters level degree programme. Founded in 1967, and building on traditions

EXPRO
This experimental/ theoretical/numerical project aims at revealing the physical-chemical mechanisms of explosion, and at deriving innovative methods for explosion protection. Both LES and VLES modelling strategies, with appropriate models for combust

FLIE
The project aim to improve the understanding of the processes that occur in accidental flashing releases of liquids at high pressure, and to enhance the predictive capabilities of engineering tools used in hazard assessment. Flammable atmospheres con

INTENS
Une r?action chimique non d?sir?e ou non contr?l?e est susceptible, suivant les r?actifs mis en ?uvre, de donner mati?re ? la fois ? une explosion et ? l??mission de grandes quantit?s de produits toxiques ou inflammables dans l?environnement. Les

MECHEX
Les frottements d?origine m?canique sont une cause principale d?inflammation des ATmosph?res Explosives (ATEX) dans l?industrie (incrimin?e dans au moins un quart des explosions recens?es). Les travaux conduits jusqu?? ce jour ont clairement montr? q

Prediction on safety work conditions and design for discontinuous chemical reactors and stores that have a thermal explosion risk
Prediction on safety work conditions and design for discontinuous chemical reactors and stores that have a thermal explosion risk.

PRESAFE
Main goal of PRESAFE is to create a strong centre providing services for the parties interested in pressure equipment safety. Second goal is to construct a network, which will be an extension of existing EPERC network. This will be achieved through a

RASE
The aim of this project was to develop a European standard which will enable manufacturers to simply and quickly assess the process parameters, identify the hazardous situations and evaluate the risks of both equipment and protective systems associat

S?curit? des Proc?d?s mettant en ?uvre des produits dangereux
Ce programme rassemble les deux programmes " Cr?ation d?un p?le de comp?tences sur l??valuation de la s?curit? des proc?d?s chimiques " et " Caract?risation des atmosph?res explosives (ATEX) et dimensionnement des moyens de pr?vention et de protectio

SAFEGAS
Semiconducting oxide sensors (e.g. Tagushi-sensors) used for olfactory imaging at present are inherently too slow to provide instantaneous response required for real-time process monitoring and control in the industry. Besides they are prone to humid

SAFEKINEX
Process industry is challenged to produce higher product yields at lower costs and less waste while maintaining safety. Sustainable growth requires more partialoxidation of hydrocarbons and biomass. Such developments will increase explosion risk. Ris

Technological and natural risks
To manage the EPERC network and maintain the EPERC website on a day-to-day basis under the guidance of the Steering Committee in order to: 1. provide technical expertise to DG ENTR in support of the PED and of the harmonised standards required for


Legislation & Standardisation

61 entries found!

11. GPSGV, Explosionsschutzverordnung
Elfte Verordnung zum Ger?te- und Produktsicherheitsgesetz (Explosionsschutzverordnung) 11. GPSGV

1999/36/EC, transportable pressure equipment
Council Directive 1999/36/EC of 29 April 1999 on transportable pressure equipment

393/2001 - Decree of the Ministry of Transport and Communications on transportable pressure equipment
Liikenne- ja viestint?ministeri?n asetus kuljetettavista painelaitteista (393/2001)

87/404/EEC, simple pressure vessels
Council Directive 87/404/EEC of 25 June 1987 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to simple pressure vessels

90/488/EEC, simple pressure vessels
Council Directive 90/488/EEC of 17 September 1990 amending Directive 87/404/EEC on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to simple pressure vessels

93/68/EEC, individual protection equipment
Council Directive 93/68/EEC of 22 July 1993 amending Directives 87/404/EEC (simple pressure vessels), 88/378/EEC (safety of toys), 89/106/EEC (construction products), 89/336/EEC (electromagnetic compatibility), 89/392/EEC (machinery), 89/686/EEC (per

97/23/EC, pressure equipment
Directive 97/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 May 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning pressure equipment

Arr?t? du 29 mars 2004, pr?vention des explosions
Arr?t? du 29 mars 2004 relatif ? la pr?vention des risques pr?sent?s par les silos de c?r?ales, de grains, de produits alimentaires ou de tous autres produits organiques d?gageant des poussi?res inflammables

D?cret n? 2002-1553, pr?vention des explosions
D?cret en Conseil d'Etat 2002-1553 du 24 d?cembre 2002 relatif aux dispositions concernant la pr?vention des explosions applicables aux lieux de travail et modifiant le chapitre II du titre III du livre II du code du travail (deuxi?me partie :

D?cret n? 2002-1554, pr?vention des explosions
D?cret n? 2002-1554 du 24 d?cembre 2002 relatif aux dispositions concernant la pr?vention des explosions que doivent observer les ma?tres d'ouvrage lors de la construction des lieux de travail et modifiant le chapitre V du titre III du livre II du co

EN 1127-1:1997, explosive atmospheres
Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Part 1: Basic concepts and methodology

EN 1127-2:2002, explosive atmosphere
Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Part 2: Basic concepts and methodology for mining

EN 13463-1:2001, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 1: Basic method and requirements

EN 13463-2:2004, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 2: Protection by flow restricting enclosure 'fr'

EN 13463-3:2005, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 3: Protection by flameproof enclosure 'd'

EN 13463-5:2003, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 5: Protection by constructional safety "c"

EN 13463-6:2005, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment for use in potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 6: Protection by control of ignition source 'b'

EN 13463-8:2003, explosion protection
Non-electrical equipment for potentially explosive atmospheres - Part 8: Protection by liquid immersion 'k'

EN 13673-1:2003, explosive atmosphere
Determination of the maximum explosion pressure and the maximum rate of pressure rise of gases and vapours - Part 1: Determination of the maximum explosion pressure

EN 13673-2:2005, explosive atmosphere
Determination of maximum explosion pressure and the maximum rate of pressure rise of gases and vapours - Part 2: Determination of the maximum rate of explosion pressure rise

EN 13821:2002, explosive atmospheres
Potentially explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Determination of minimum ignition energy of dust/air mixtures

EN 14034-1:2004, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 1: Determination of the maximum explosion pressure pmax of dust clouds

EN 14034-2:2006, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 2: Determination of the maximum rate of explosion pressure rise (dp/dt)max of dust clouds

EN 14034-3:2006, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 3: Determination of the lower explosion limit LEL of dust clouds

EN 14034-4:2004, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 4: Determination of the limiting oxygen concentration LOC of dust clouds

EN 14460:2006, explosion protection
Explosion resistant equipment

EN 14522:2005, explosion protection
Determination of the auto ignition temperature of gases and vapours

EN 1839:2003, explosion protection
Determination of explosion limits of gases and vapours

Gu?a de aplicaci?n de la directiva 92/104/CEE
GU?A PARA LA ELABORACI?N DEL PLAN DE PREVENCI?N CONTRA EXPLOSIONES EN INSTALACIONES DE MINER?A SUBTERR?NEA

IEC 60079-1-1 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 1-1: Flameproof enclosures 'd' - Method of test for ascertainment of maximum experimental safe gap

IEC 61241-2-1 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosions
Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust - Part 2: Test methods - Section 1: Methods for determining the minimum ignition temperatures of dust

IEC/TR 60079-12 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 12: Classification of mixtures of gases of vapours with air according to their maximum experimental safe gaps and minimum igniting currents

NF EN 1127-1, Atmosph?res explosives
Atmosph?res explosives - Pr?vention de l'explosion et protection contre l'explosion - Partie 1 : notions fondamentales et m?thodologie

NF EN 1127-2, protection contre l'explosion
Atmosph?res explosives - Pr?vention de l'explosion et protection contre l'explosion - Partie 2 : notions fondamentales et m?thodologie dans l'exploitation des mines

NF EN 13673-1, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination de la pression maximale d'explosion et de la vitesse maximale de mont?e en pression des gaz et vapeurs - Partie 1 : d?termination de la pression maximale d'explosion

NF EN 13673-2, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination de la pression maximale d'explosion et de la vitesse maximale de mont?e en pression des gaz et des vapeurs - Partie 2 : d?termination de la vitesse maximale de mont?e en pression

NF EN 13821, atmosph?res explosibles
Indice de classement : S66-202 Rubrique(s) ICS : 13.230 Titre : Atmosph?res explosibles - Pr?vention et protection contre l'explosion - D?termination de l'?nergie minimale d'inflammation des m?langes poussi?re/air Nombre de pages : 19

NF EN 14034-1, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination des caract?ristiques d'explosion des nuages de poussi?res - Partie 1 : d?termination de la pression maximale d'explosion Pmax des nuages de poussi?re

NF EN 14034-4, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination des caract?ristiques d'explosion des nuages de poussi?res - Partie 4 : d?termination de la concentration limite en oxyg?ne CLO des nuages de poussi?re

NF EN 14460, explosion
NF EN 14460 Juillet 2002 Appareil r?sistant ? l'explosion

NF EN 14522, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination de la temp?rature d'auto-allumage des gaz et des vapeurs

Note addendum to Pressure Systems Regulations 2000
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000

PR EN 14756, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination de la concentration limite en oxyg?ne (CLO) des gaz et vapeurs

PR NF EN 14034-2, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination des caract?ristiques d'explosion des nuages de poussi?res - Partie 2 : d?termination de la vitesse maximale de mont?e en pression de l'explosion (dp/dt)max des nuages de poussi?res

PR NF EN 14034-3, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination des caract?ristiques d'explosion des nuages de poussi?res - Partie 3 : d?termination de la limite inf?rieure d'explosivit? LIE des nuages de poussi?res

PR NF EN 14994, protection contre l'explosion
Syst?mes de protection par ?vent contre les explosions de gaz

PR NF EN 15089, protection contre l'explosion
Syst?mes d'isolement d'une explosion

PR NF EN 15188, protection contre l'explosion
D?termination de l'aptitude ? l'auto-inflammation des accumulations de poussi?res

prEN 14591-2 (2005).
prEN 14591-2 (2005). Explosion prevention and protection in underground mines - Protective systems - Part 2: Passive water trough barriers

prEN 14591-4 (2005)
prEN 14591-4 (2005). Explosion prevention and protection in underground mines - Protective systems - Part 4: Automatic extinguishing systems for road headers

prEN 14591-4 (2005).
prEN 14591-4 (2005). Explosion prevention and protection in underground mines - Protective systems - Part 4: Automatic extinguishing systems for road headers

prEN 14983:2005.
prEN 14983:2005. Explosion prevention and protection in underground mines ? Equipment and protective systems for firedamp drainage

Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations 2000
Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations 2000

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (94/55/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) - "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain (Northern Ireland are finalising si

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (96/35/EC, 99/36/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain including radioactive materials by ra

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (96/49/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain including radioactive materials by ra

TRBS 2152, Technische Regeln Betriebssicherheit (zum Explosionsschutz)
Gef?hrliche explosionsf?hige Atmosph?re Allgemeines; Teil 1: Beurteilung der Explosionsgef?hrdung; Teil 2: Vermeidung oder Einschr?nkung gef?hrlicher oder explosionsf?higer Atmosph?re

UNE-EN 14034-1:2005
UNE_EN 14034-1:2005. Determinaci?n de las caracter?sticas de explosi?n de nubes de polvo. Parte 1: Determinaci?n de la presi?n m?xima de explosi?n pmax de nubes de polvo.

UNE-EN 14373:2006
UNE-EN 14373:2006. Sistemas de supresi?n de explosiones.

UNE-EN 14591-1:2005.
UNE-EN 14591-1:2005. Prevenci?n y protecci?n contra explosiones en minas subterr?neas. Sistemas de protecci?n. Parte 1: Estructura de ventilaci?n a prueba de explosiones de 2 bar.

VDI 3673, Druckentlastung von Staubexplosionen
Druckentlastung von Staubexplosionen


Web Links

14 entries found!

Burgoynes
Burgoynes conduct scientific investigations into fires, explosions, chemical and hazardous marine cargoes, chemical, electrical and mechanical engineering incidents, road traffic accidents, personal injury and microbiological spoilage.

Control Engineering
Information on ATEX Directives and dust explosion protection

Explosion Dynamics Laboratory - California Institute of Technology
The themes of research are experimental, analytical, and numerical studies of the chemistry and physics of explosions. Current and part research topics include detonation, flammability, flames, deflagration-to-detonation transition, applications to p

explosion within engineering toolbox

Explosionsschutz
European Notified Body. Site in German only.

Fike Corporation
Describes commercial products and testing available from FIKE. Fire, explosion and process solutions. Fike supplies accurate fire protection systems, fire detection systems, and a line of rupture disc products and industrial explosion/dust explosion

Fike Explosion Protection Systems
Describes Comercial Products and Testing available from FIKE. Fire, Explosion and Process Solutions. Fike supplies accurate fire protection systems, fire detection systems, and a line of rupture disc products and inudstrial explosion/dust explosion

Flashover Backdraft
It can be found documents concerning the phenomens of flashover, backdraft, smoke-explosion, FGI etc? In fact all that relates to fire itself, in closed spaces

Gexcon
GexCon is an independent consulting company operating in the field of gas and dust explosion safety. Ventilation, dispersion and explosion analyses are performed with the CFD-code FLACS.

Health and Safety Laboratory
Bringing together expertise in estimating and evaluating risks to people and the environment arising from hazardous activities and industrial processes. HSL provide a comprehensive service to identify fire, explosion and process hazards, assess their

INBUREX Consulting
International safety consultancy organisation with own test laboratories. Specialising in Fire and Explosion, ATEX, Electrostatics, Process Safety, Reaction Hazards, Venting and Emergency Relief systems, Transport, Safety Management, Risk Assessments

incom explosionsschutz
Products for explosion protection.

Oresund safety
Our main activity is managing the risks of fire, explosions and chemical releases.

Pressure relief - Training tool
Safety Engineering Technology Course Pressure Relief - Training tool


Glossary

51 entries found!

Aerosol explosion

Boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE)

Bursting discs (Explosions)

Confined vapour cloud explosion (VCE)

Dust explosion

Emergency pressure relief design

Equipment (explosion prevention)

Explosion behaviour

Explosion doors

Explosion effects

Explosion parameters

Explosion parameters (Measurement methods)

Explosion pressure relief (venting)

Explosion prevention

Explosion protection

Explosion severity

Explosion warning systems

Explosions

Fuel-air explosions

Gas explosion

Gas group for explosion protection

High pressure crucibles

Inherent safety (Explosions)

Maximum allowable pressure

Maximum experimental safe gap (MESG)

Maximum explosion pressure (Pmax)

Maximum pressure rise rate

Maximum rate of pressure rise

Maximum temperature attainable by the synthesis reaction (MTSR)

Maximum temperature rise rate

Measurement on explosions

Non-electrical explosion protection

Organic dusts (Organic dusts explosion)

Overpressure

Peak pressure

Pressure at maximum rise rate

Pressure piling

Pressure production

Pressure Relief Systems

Pressure relief valves

Pressure shock

Pressure shock + resistant

Pressure vessels

Reduced explosion pressure

Set pressure

Time to maximum rate (TMRad)

Type of explosion

Types of explosion other than fuel-oxidant

Unconfined vapour cloud explosion (UVCE)

Upper Explosion Limit (UEL)

Vapour pressure


103 entries found!

Acceptable risk

Adiabatic temperature course

Adiabatic temperature rise

Backdraft

Batch reactor

Blow down lines

Boiling point

Breathing apparatus

Bursting discs (Chemical reactions)

Carius tube

Chemical hazard

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Concept and magnitudes that can be found in MSDS

Consequence analysis

Consequences

Cooling capacity

Deflagration

Detection

Detonation

Device

Dewar calorimetry

Dow indices

Dump or quench vessel

Emergency relief system

Emergency Response Planning Guideline (ERPG)

Enthalpy of reaction

Equipment

Error

Evaporative cooling

Explosives

Extinguishing barriers

Fast acting shut off valves

Flame arrestors

Flame proof

Flameless venting

Flameproof enclosure

Flash fire

Flow rates limits

Fume hoods (enclosed, exterior, receiving, push-pull?)

Gas group

Gassy system

Header sizing

House-keeping

Hybrid system (reaction)

Ideal gas constant

Ideal gas law

Immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH)

Incompatibility / Reactive interactions

Inerting or purging

Ingress protection

Isolation

Isoperibolic

KG-value

Kmax-value or Kst-value

Limiting oxygen concentration (LOC)

Lower Explosible Limit (LEL)

Major accident

Melting / freezing temperature

Metal dusts

Minimum ignition temperature (MIT)

Modelling, simulation and optimisation

Modulated differential scanning calorimetry (mDSC)

Molten metal-water

Mond index

Monitoring the explosive atmosphere

Multienergy method

Normal boiling point

Open cell experiment

Optimum experimental safe gap

Overpressurisation

Oxidizing properties (solids)

Physical effects

Pressurisation

Projectiles

Protection/Mitigation of runaway reactions

Reactive material

Reactivity

Relative density

Release protection

Relief device

Relief valve

Rotary valves

Self-ignition temperature (SIT)

Sensitivity of reactions

Specialized software

Specific heat capacity

Sphere - 20-litre

Suppressant material

Suppression

Temperature class

Tempered system

Thermal stability measurement

Threshold limit value - short-term exposure limit (TLV-STEL)

TNT equivalent

Vapour system

Vent ducts

Vent panels

Vent type and size

Vessel - 1 m?

Weak

Zoning


 
Copyright by S2S - A Gateway for Plant and Process Safety - All Rights Reserved.
Web site engine's code is Copyright © 2003 by PHP-Nuke. All Rights Reserved. PHP-Nuke is Free Software released under the GNU/GPL license.
Page Generation: 0.167 Seconds