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The content of this site has been prepared by the members of the thematic network "S2S - A Gateway for Plant and Process safety". Since the conditions of use are beyond our control we disclaim any liability, including patent infringement, incurred in connection with the use of these products, data or suggestions.

The thematic network S2S is a European Community Project carried out in the "Competitive and Sustainable Growth" programme and funded in part by contract number G1RT-CT-2002-05092.
 

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Training

4 entries found!

A primary consistency test for saturated liquid and vapour property data for use in the integral multiphysics modelling of chemical reactor venting

Basic Reactor Assessment Model

LOPA Model

Reproductive accuracy of safety valve two-phase mass flow capacity models in case of air/water, resp., viscous liquid flow duty


69 entries found!

02 - Fire on a hot oil furnace

Accuracy of safety valve two-phase mass flow capacity sizing in case of single-component steam/water, resp., refrigerant R 134a flow service

Application of Safety Measures

ATEX Directives - 5. Equipment (ATEX 94/9/EC)

ATEX Directives - 9. Risk Assessment and Hazard Identification- II

Batch Reactor (BR)

Building 2

Building 3

Case study 1: Crystallization Kettle - Incident description

Characteristic Numbers

Continuously Stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR)

Desk screening - Public Literature

Desktop methods - CHETAH

Desktop methods - reactive groups

Fault Tree Analysis

Fuel 3

Hazardous substances and processes

Hazards to assess

Introduction

Introduction

LOPA - Layer of Protection analysis Content

LOPA - Layer of Protection analysis (first draft)

LOPA Introduction

On the applicability of laboratory heterogeneous liquid-liquid phase reaction kinetic data for technical scale relief vent sizing

Overview

Plug Flow Tube Reactor (PFTR)

Safety data

Safety measures

Screening Methods

Screening Tests: scanning rate

Semi-Batch Reactor (SBR)

Stoessel Diagram

Tests

Tests - Burning Rate

Tests - Burning Test For Solids

Thermal Explosion Theory

Thermal unstable substances


Resources / Downloads

7 entries found!

Crisis Intervention and Operability analysis (CRIOP)

Department of Fire Safety Engineering, Lund University

Enclosure Fire Dynamics

Fire Safety Engineering Research & Technology Centre at Ulster University

Reproductive accuracy of generic Omega Parameter safety valve two phase critical mass flow models based on water and refrigerant R134a data

The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering

Thermal Safety Software (TSS) - CISP


Research projects

10 entries found!

A model of health risk evaluation
A model of health risk evaluation.

CHAF
Serious explosion accidents have occurred in EU countries that have involved the bulk storage of display fireworks. Currently, there is no means of estimating the hazards posed by such storage and the UN transport classification scheme is all that ca

eRisk
The aim of the eRisk project is to develop a new concept for networking different risk management organisations and services. The eRisk concept is based on the Finnish Risk Management Toolkit (www.pk-rh.com). The new concept will be a modular, custom

EXPRO
This experimental/ theoretical/numerical project aims at revealing the physical-chemical mechanisms of explosion, and at deriving innovative methods for explosion protection. Both LES and VLES modelling strategies, with appropriate models for combust

Generalized criteria for assessing thermal stability of discontinuous reactors? Doctoral Thesis
The thesis has been undertaken with the main purpose of developing intrinsic criterion that would allow the prevention of thermal runaway for any process carried out in discontinuous reactors (batch and semi-batch processes). Intrinsic criteria, b

INTENS
Une r?action chimique non d?sir?e ou non contr?l?e est susceptible, suivant les r?actifs mis en ?uvre, de donner mati?re ? la fois ? une explosion et ? l??mission de grandes quantit?s de produits toxiques ou inflammables dans l?environnement. Les

Methodologies for thermal risk analysis of discontinuous chemical processes (Metodologies per l?an?lisi del risc t?rmic de processos qu?mic discontinues) ? Doctoral Thesis
The project presents a comparative analysis of methodologies to realise studies on thermal security of chemical reactions, in discontinuous mode, currently used in several research centres. Furthermore, the project presents an analysis of its use bas

SAFEKINEX
Process industry is challenged to produce higher product yields at lower costs and less waste while maintaining safety. Sustainable growth requires more partialoxidation of hydrocarbons and biomass. Such developments will increase explosion risk. Ris

TRANSFIRE
Fire engineering is a discipline which brings together professional engineers from a variety of academic backgrounds. The increasing use of high technology and the complexity of modern building design increases the importance of a common language and

Turvalliset ty?tavat
Safe Work Practices project - a national research project focused on developing and exploiting behaviour modification programmes integrated with safety leadership promotion in order to improve the safety culture in Finnish companies.


Legislation & Standardisation

7 entries found!

EN 14522:2005, explosion protection
Determination of the auto ignition temperature of gases and vapours

IEC 60079-4 - Ed. 2.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Part 4: Method of test for ignition temperature

IEC 60079-4-am1 - Ed. 2.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Amendment 1 - Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres. Part 4: Method of test for ignition temperature

IEC 61241-2-1 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosions
Electrical apparatus for use in the presence of combustible dust - Part 2: Test methods - Section 1: Methods for determining the minimum ignition temperatures of dust

NF EN 60079-15, atmosph?res explosives gazeuses
NF EN 60079-15 F?vrier 2006 Mat?riel ?lectrique pour atmosph?res explosives gazeuses - Partie 15 : construction, essais et marquage des mat?riels ?lectriques du mode de protection "n"

PR NF EN 60079-6, atmosph?res explosives gazeuses
PR NF EN 60079-6 Avril 2006 Mat?riel ?lectrique pour atmosph?res explosives gazeuses - Partie 6 : exigence pour le mode de protection immersion dans l'huile

Regulation No 56 of 03.04.2003
Regulation of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications No 56 of 3. April 2003 "Curriculum for the training, requirements for Professional qualification and certificate model for safety adviser" Law 03.04.2003


Web Links

8 entries found!

Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention within the website of U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Computer Modelling Program for Risk Management Plans

Experimental data acquisition for validation of a new vapour cloud fire (VCF) modelling approach
The report describes trials undertaken by the Health and Safety Laboratories with the aim of producing data for the validation of computer models

Fire protection Engineering Department University of Maryland
Description of Courses, research and facilities Interesting web based description of Fire modelling

General Ocean Turbulence Model

Institute for Mathematics and its Application
Modeling, Mesh Generation, and Adaptive Numerical Methods for Partial Differential Equations

Modelling and numerical simulation within the webpage of University of Minnesota
This web-site contains a paper published by the author of the site. Nevertheless, the information can be valuable for persons who are looking for detailed information concerning particle flow.

Nist Chemical Kinetics model database
It provides detailed chemical kinetic models, along with supporting data and information, used in combustion modeling applications.

Turbulence (modelling and experimental)
Turbulence Research Laboratory Department of Mechanical Engineering University of Maryland, College Park


Glossary

29 entries found!

Adiabatic decomposition temperature for 24 hrs (ADT24)

Adiabatic temperature course

Adiabatic temperature rise

Autoignition temperature

Combustion models

Decomposition onset temperature

Decomposition temperature

Exothermic decomposition (bulk deposit)-Temperature of ignition of emitted gases.

Failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA)

Failure mode, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA)

Fire modelling

Kinetic model

Linearly increasing temperature method

Low and high temperature exposure

Maximum temperature attainable by the synthesis reaction (MTSR)

Maximum temperature rise rate

Melting / freezing temperature

Mental Models

Minimum Autoignition Temperature (MAIT)

Minimum ignition temperature (MIT layer and cloud)

Minimum ignition temperature (MIT)

Modelling software

Modelling, simulation and optimisation

Self-ignition temperature (SIT)

Swiss Cheese Model

Temperature class

Temperature measuring apparatus

Temperature mode

Thermal radiation (Modelling, simulation and optimisation)


102 entries found!

Active Error (or Active Failure)

Adiabatic

Adiabatic calorimetry

Adiabatic measurement method

Arrhenius diagram

Arrhenius law

Basic math & statistics

Batch reactor

Body protection Garments

Boiling point

Calvet calorimetry

Chemical kinetics

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Concept and magnitudes that can be found in MSDS

Conduction

Consequence analysis

Continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR)

Convection

Decomposition reactions

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

Differential thermal analysis (DTA)

Dissipative materials

Dow indices

Drop calorimetry

Dynamic optimisation

Ear protection

Enthalpy of reaction

Evaporative cooling

Event tree analysis (ETA)

Fault tree analysis (FTA)

Fire blanket

Fire consequences

Fire detection

Fire resistance

Fire statistics

Flammability - Pyrophoric properties of solids and liquids(contact with water causing fire)

Flammables

Flash over

Flash point

Fluid flow

Frequency analysis

Fuel-air explosions

Goggles

Hand and Arm Protection

Hazard and operability study (HAZOP)

Hazard identification

Heat balance calorimetry

Heat capacity

Heat transfer for chemical reactions

Heat transfer for industrial fires

High Reliability Organisations (HROs)

Ideal gas constant

Ideal gas law

Incompatibility / Reactive interactions

Increased safety

IS Principles

Isoperibolic

Isoperibolic calorimetry

Isoperibolic measurement method

Isothermal

Isothermal calorimetry

Isothermal measurement method

Kinetic analysis

Laboratory process / Bench scale process

Latent Error (or Latent Condition)

Lumping analysis

Maciejasz Index (MI)

Mass transfer

Mesh generation

Methods for the determination of physico-chemical properties

Modulated differential scanning calorimetry (mDSC)

Performance shaping factor (PSF)

Pilot plant

Process simulation

Quenching / Dumping

Radiation

Runaway scenario

Safety Integrity Levels (SIL)

Screening methods & classification

Self-heating rate

Semi-continuous release

Sensitivity of reactions

Smoke production

Specialized software

Specific heat capacity

Specific latent heat of fusion

Specific latent heat of vaporisation

Sphere - 20-litre

Structural fire protections

Technique for human error rate prediction (THERP)

Tempered system

Thermal analysis and Calorimetry

Thermal inertia Φ

Thermal reaction number B

Time to maximum rate (TMRad)

TNT equivalent

Uncertainty

Vapour pressure

Vapour system

Vessel - 1 m?


 
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