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The content of this site has been prepared by the members of the thematic network "S2S - A Gateway for Plant and Process safety". Since the conditions of use are beyond our control we disclaim any liability, including patent infringement, incurred in connection with the use of these products, data or suggestions.

The thematic network S2S is a European Community Project carried out in the "Competitive and Sustainable Growth" programme and funded in part by contract number G1RT-CT-2002-05092.
 

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Training

1 entries found!

A primary consistency test for saturated liquid and vapour property data for use in the integral multiphysics modelling of chemical reactor venting


37 entries found!

01 - Accident caused by an inexact P&I connected also to a fatality

02 - Fire on a hot oil furnace

04 - Accident involving contractors' injury during the operation of opening of a vessel for standard maintenance

Application of Safety Measures

ATEX Directives - 6. Contents of ATEX 99/92/EC

ATEX Directives - 9. Risk Assessment and Hazard Identification- II

Capabilities of the method

Case study 1: Crystallization Kettle - Questions

Case study 1: Crystallization Kettle - Solutions

Case study 2: Charge Hopper of a Paddle Drier - Solutions

Case study 3: Agitated Kettle with Bottom Valve - Solutions

Fuel 3

Hazardous substances and processes

Hazards to assess

Introduction to CEI

LOPA - Layer of Protection analysis (first draft)

LOPA Model

Overview

Safety measures

Scenario selection

Screening Methods

Screening Tests: type of crucibles

STEP 4: Initiating Event Frequency

STEP 5: Conditions, Conditional Modifiers

STEP 7: Independent Protection Layers

Stoessel Diagram

Tests

Tests - Steel Cartridge Test


Resources / Downloads

1 entries found!

Low pressure and vacuum hazards


Research projects

4 entries found!

FLIE
The project aim to improve the understanding of the processes that occur in accidental flashing releases of liquids at high pressure, and to enhance the predictive capabilities of engineering tools used in hazard assessment. Flammable atmospheres con

PRESAFE
Main goal of PRESAFE is to create a strong centre providing services for the parties interested in pressure equipment safety. Second goal is to construct a network, which will be an extension of existing EPERC network. This will be achieved through a

SAFEKINEX
Process industry is challenged to produce higher product yields at lower costs and less waste while maintaining safety. Sustainable growth requires more partialoxidation of hydrocarbons and biomass. Such developments will increase explosion risk. Ris

Technological and natural risks
To manage the EPERC network and maintain the EPERC website on a day-to-day basis under the guidance of the Steering Committee in order to: 1. provide technical expertise to DG ENTR in support of the PED and of the harmonised standards required for


Legislation & Standardisation

19 entries found!

1999/36/EC, transportable pressure equipment
Council Directive 1999/36/EC of 29 April 1999 on transportable pressure equipment

393/2001 - Decree of the Ministry of Transport and Communications on transportable pressure equipment
Liikenne- ja viestint?ministeri?n asetus kuljetettavista painelaitteista (393/2001)

87/404/EEC, simple pressure vessels
Council Directive 87/404/EEC of 25 June 1987 on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to simple pressure vessels

90/488/EEC, simple pressure vessels
Council Directive 90/488/EEC of 17 September 1990 amending Directive 87/404/EEC on the harmonization of the laws of the Member States relating to simple pressure vessels

93/68/EEC, individual protection equipment
Council Directive 93/68/EEC of 22 July 1993 amending Directives 87/404/EEC (simple pressure vessels), 88/378/EEC (safety of toys), 89/106/EEC (construction products), 89/336/EEC (electromagnetic compatibility), 89/392/EEC (machinery), 89/686/EEC (per

97/23/EC, pressure equipment
Directive 97/23/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 May 1997 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning pressure equipment

EN 13673-1:2003, explosive atmosphere
Determination of the maximum explosion pressure and the maximum rate of pressure rise of gases and vapours - Part 1: Determination of the maximum explosion pressure

EN 13673-2:2005, explosive atmosphere
Determination of maximum explosion pressure and the maximum rate of pressure rise of gases and vapours - Part 2: Determination of the maximum rate of explosion pressure rise

EN 14034-1:2004, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 1: Determination of the maximum explosion pressure pmax of dust clouds

EN 14034-2:2006, explosion protection
Determination of explosion characteristics of dust clouds - Part 2: Determination of the maximum rate of explosion pressure rise (dp/dt)max of dust clouds

EN 14522:2005, explosion protection
Determination of the auto ignition temperature of gases and vapours

EN 1839:2003, explosion protection
Determination of explosion limits of gases and vapours

IEC/TR 60079-12 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 12: Classification of mixtures of gases of vapours with air according to their maximum experimental safe gaps and minimum igniting currents

IEC/TR 60079-20 - Ed. 1.0 - Bilingual, explosive gas atmospheres
Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 20: Data for flammable gases and vapours, relating to the use of electrical apparatus

Note addendum to Pressure Systems Regulations 2000
Pressure Systems Safety Regulations 2000

Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations 2000
Pressure Equipment Safety Regulations 2000

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (94/55/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) - "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain (Northern Ireland are finalising si

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (96/35/EC, 99/36/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain including radioactive materials by ra

Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (96/49/EC)
Statutory Instrument 2004/568 (ISBN 0110490630) "The Carriage of Dangerous Goods and Use of Transportable Pressure Equipment Regulations 2004". This is consolidated legislation for road and rail for Great Britain including radioactive materials by ra


Web Links

2 entries found!

Experimental data acquisition for validation of a new vapour cloud fire (VCF) modelling approach
The report describes trials undertaken by the Health and Safety Laboratories with the aim of producing data for the validation of computer models

Pressure relief - Training tool
Safety Engineering Technology Course Pressure Relief - Training tool


Glossary

28 entries found!

Boiling liquid expanding vapour explosion (BLEVE)

Confined vapour cloud explosion (VCE)

Emergency pressure relief design

Explosion pressure relief (venting)

Flammable vapours

Gases and vapours from liquids

Group II (Flammable vapours)

High pressure crucibles

Maximum allowable pressure

Maximum explosion pressure (Pmax)

Maximum pressure rise rate

Maximum rate of pressure rise

Overpressure

Peak pressure

Pressure at maximum rise rate

Pressure piling

Pressure production

Pressure Relief Systems

Pressure relief valves

Pressure shock

Pressure shock + resistant

Pressure vessels

Reduced explosion pressure

Set pressure

Unconfined vapour cloud explosion (UVCE)

Vapour density

Vapour pressure

Vapour system


82 entries found!

Batch reactor

Blow down lines

Boiling point

Breathing apparatus

Bursting discs (Chemical reactions)

Bursting discs (Explosions)

Carius tube

Category 1

Category 2

Category 3

Chemical reaction hazards

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)

Concept and magnitudes that can be found in MSDS

Device

Dewar calorimetry

Dow indices

Dump or quench vessel

Emergency relief system

Enthalpy of reaction

Error

Explosion doors

Explosion protection

Explosions

Explosive (or flammable) limits (ambient and above)

Explosive atmosphere

Fast acting shut off valves

Flame proof

Flammable gases

Flammables

Flash fire

Flash point

Fuel-air explosions

Gas explosion

Gas group

Gassy system

Header sizing

Hybrid mixture

Hybrid system (reaction)

Ideal gas constant

Ideal gas law

Incompatibility / Reactive interactions

Inerting or purging

Ingress protection

KG-value

Lower Explosible Limit (LEL)

Maximum experimental safe gap (MESG)

Melting / freezing temperature

Minimum ignition current (MIC)

Modelling, simulation and optimisation

Molten metal-water

Multienergy method

Normal boiling point

Open cell experiment

Overpressurisation

Pressurisation

Protection/Mitigation of runaway reactions

Reactive material

Reflux

Relative density

Release protection

Relief device

Relief valve

Respiratory protective equipment

Rotary valves

Sensitivity of reactions

Specialized software

Specific heat capacity

Specific latent heat of vaporisation

Sphere - 20-litre

Suppression

Tempered system

Thermal stability measurement

Type of explosion

Types of explosion other than fuel-oxidant

Upper Explosion Limit (UEL)

Vessel - 1 m?

Weak

Zone 0

Zone 1

Zone 2


 
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